This post is a part of our series on Vermont family child care licensing. For more on licensing in Vermont, see the following posts:

Vermont Family Child Care Licensing: An Overview
Types of Licenses
The Licensing Process
Eligibility
Training Requirements

As you prepare to open your own in-home preschool or child care, you will need to meet certain indoor and outdoor requirements. Here’s what you need to know about your home to get your license in the state of Vermont:

What types of homes can qualify for Family Child Care in Vermont?

A Family Child Care Home provides developmentally appropriate care, education, protection, and supervision that are designed to ensure wholesome growth and educational experiences for children for periods of less than 24 hours per day in the residence occupied by the Family Child Care Provider. The capacity shall be determined by the type of permit held, the ages of the children living in or present at the Family Child Care Home, the presence of one more Family Child Care Assistants, and the amount of usable space for child care in the FCCH.

What are the requirements for the home? 

GENERAL SAFETY OF BUILDING AND GROUNDS

  • General Safety: The FCCP shall ensure the physical facilities of the FCCH, grounds, equipment, and toys present no hazard to the health, safety and well‐ being of the children.
  • Electrical outlets: The FCCP shall ensure that children are protected from electrical outlets, such as by using protective covers, tamper‐proof outlets, or other devices manufactured for this purpose.
  • Choking Hazard: The FCCP shall ensure that children younger than 3 years of age do not have unsupervised access to small toys and objects that pose a choking hazard, deemed by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) as objects being smaller than their Choke Test Cylinder (1.25 inches in diameter and 2.25 inches in length).
  • Choking hazard from cords: The FCCP shall ensure that children are protected from choking hazards presented by cords on window coverings, electric or electronic appliances or equipment and telephone cords.
  • Sturdy furniture and equipment: The FCCP shall ensure that furniture and equipment are sturdy. Furniture and equipment that present a tripping or falling hazard shall be secured.
  • Unlocking device: The FCCP shall ensure that closet and bathroom doors that can be locked have an unlocking device readily accessible. No locking or fastening device shall be used on the outside of the door that would prevent free escape.
  • Sharp objects: the FCCP shall ensure that sharp objects are kept out of children’s reach unless used for a planned activity and closely supervised by an adult.

Fire Safety

  • Ground floor: The FCCP shall limit the care of children to the ground floor of the home unless another level used has two separate means of exit to the outside of the home. If the second floor is used there shall be a safe evacuation plan for children from the second floor.
  • Basement: On the basement level, at least one exit shall be directly to the outside of the home. Bulkhead type doors are prohibited as exits. If the basement is used, one of the exits may be a window provided the window is no more than 44 inches from the sill of the window to the floor and has a minimum opening of at least 20 inches wide by 24 inches high. The window shall be accessible to children and staff and easy to open.
  • Smoke detectors and carbon monoxide monitors: The FCCP shall ensure that each floor of the home, and in the corridor to access the home in an apartment building, has an operating smoke detector as well as smoke detectors in the immediate vicinity where children sleep. The FCCP shall ensure carbon monoxide monitors are located outside of rooms where children sleep.
  • Fire extinguisher: There shall be at least one easily accessible dry chemical fire extinguisher which has at least a 2‐A: 10BC classification. This fire extinguisher shall be maintained in operating condition. It shall bear an official tag, properly signed, attesting to the current operating condition. The extinguisher shall be visibly mounted to the wall near an exit door.
  • FCCP & Staff: The FCCP and all staff (as applicable) shall be familiar with the use and handling of the fire extinguisher. The FCCP and staff (as applicable) shall be physically able to assist in exiting all of the children present at one time in the case of a fire.
  • Additional Requirements for Licensed FCCH:
    • Compliance with Vermont Division of Fire Safety rules: The licensed FCCP shall ensure that the licensed FCCH is in compliance with Vermont Division of Fire Safety rules at all times. This includes but is not limited to:
      • Complying with Vermont Division of Fire Safety inspection reports;
      • Having regular fire systems inspected with violations identified during the inspection noted as corrected; and
      • Having fire extinguishers tagged with valid inspection tags.
    • Smoke detectors & carbon monoxide monitors: the licensed FCCP shall ensure that each floor of the home, and in the corridor to access the home in an apartment building, has an operating smoke detector as well as smoke detectors in all rooms where children sleep. The licensed FCCP shall ensure carbon monoxide monitors are located outside of rooms where children sleep.

Plumbing, Water, and Sewage

  • The FCCP shall ensure that the FCCH plumbing is kept in good working condition.
  • The FCCP shall ensure that drinking water is potable by meeting Vermont standards at all times or shall provide bottled water for drinking.
  • Additional requirements for Licensed FCCH: The licensed FCCP shall ensure that the licensed FCCH:
    • Meets all applicable plumbing codes as established by the Vermont Division of Fire Safety.
    • Is in compliance with applicable rules from the Department of Environmental Conservation at all times.

Trash, Recycling, and Composting: the FCCP shall ensure that:

  • Garbage and compost be kept in containers that are securely covered.
  • Children only access compost containers when under the direct supervision of staff.
  • Recycling materials are rinsed and stored in a manner that does not attract insects, rodents, or other pests that pose a safety or health hazard for children.
  • Recycling items that pose a safety hazard for children such as metal cans are inaccessible to children.
  • Garbage, recycling, and compost is not allowed to exceed the limits of its container and is removed from rooms used by children at least once the container is full, if it develops an odor, or presents some other health or safety risk.
  • Garbage and recycling are removed from the premises on a regular basis but not less than once every 14 days.
  • Compost is removed from the premises on a regular basis but not less than once 7 days; unless a contained composter is constructed outside, away from where children play, and shall be maintained in a manner that does not pose any safety or health risks to children.

Ventilation, Heating, and Cooling

  • Temperature: The FCCP shall ensure that any room in the FCCH used by children is maintained at a minimum temperature of 65°F and a maximum of 85°F at one foot above floor level and that areas used by infants shall be kept at least 68°F at floor level.
  • Adequate ventilation: shall be provided indoors during hot weather. All rooms occupied by children shall have at least one window that opens and is properly screened unless artificial ventilation is used.
  • Ventilation in bathrooms: A window that opens and is properly screened or an operating electric exhaust fan shall ventilate each bathroom to the outside air.
  • Kerosene heaters: The use of unvented kerosene heaters is prohibited.
  • Heating and cooling equipment: The FCCP shall ensure that all heating and cooling equipment is safely shielded to prevent injury to children and approved for use by the Vermont Division of Fire Safety. Air conditioners, electric fans, and heaters, including all floor or window fans must be inaccessible to children when they pose a health or safety hazard. If they are mounted indoors or outdoors they shall be securely attached.
  • Screens on doors and windows: The FCCP shall ensure that screens used on all windows, doors or other openings to the outside are in good repair. Doors that remain open to the outside, excluding fire doors, shall have screens.

Lighting

  • The FCCP shall ensure that the FCCH has sufficient natural and artificial lighting in all areas where care and education are provided to allow children to see clearly to reduce the risk of injury and allow the FCCP and staff to supervise the children visually.
  • The FCCP shall ensure that parking areas of driveways, pedestrian walkways, and other exterior portions of the premises used by children, parents and staff members after dark are illuminated.

Hazardous Finishes and Surfaces: The FCCP shall ensure that all surfaces and finishes in the FCCH and premises are safe and non‐hazardous.

Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention: The FCCP shall comply with the requirements of Vermont Lead Law and shall ensure that Essential Maintenance Practices (EMP) is performed. This includes but is not limited to protecting children from peeling or chipping paint, and dust builds up from the friction of moving doors or windows.

Use of pesticides: he FCCP shall ensure that:

  • Pesticide applications shall be used only when other pest prevention and control measures fail. Pesticides shall not be used to control pests for aesthetic reasons alone. Whenever possible the FCCH shall use pesticides of least risk. Only pesticides registered with the Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food and Markets shall be used. The FCCP shall document all pesticide applications. Records shall include the pesticide product name, EPA Registration Number, amount used, dates of application, the location of application and pests treated. These records shall be kept for two years after the date of the pesticide application and be made available for inspection by Division representatives and parents.
  • All contracted pesticide applications shall be applied only by commercial applicators certified by the Vermont Department of Agriculture, Food, and Markets.
  • Parents of children and staff are notified in writing five days prior to any planned application of pesticides. The notice shall include the site of the planned application, pests to be treated for, and proposed pesticide to be used.
  • Application of pesticides shall only be made when children are not present, that there is ample time to ventilate indoor areas after application, and that surfaces that can be touched or mouthed by children in care are not treated or are thoroughly cleaned and sanitized after an application. If outdoor applications of pesticides are made while children are present, children shall not be permitted in those areas until recommended by the manufacturer’s instructions and/or the applicator’s instructions, if applied by a pest control professional.
  • Pest baits are not be used unless in child-proof bait boxes. Bait boxes shall be inaccessible to children.

Management of Toxic Substances

  • Labeled containers: All containers of poisonous, toxic, or hazardous materials present in the FCCH shall be labeled for easy identification and used only in such a manner and under conditions that will not contaminate food or create a hazard to the children or staff.
  • Storage of flammable liquids and gases: The storage of flammable liquids and gases shall not be permitted in the FCCH except as permitted by the Vermont Division of Fire Safety.
  • Poisonous or toxic materials: All poisonous or toxic materials shall be inaccessible to children.
  • Devices that diffuse or omit airborne chemicals: such as anti‐pest strips, ozone generators, plug‐in air fresheners, nail polish, nail polish remover, and aerosol sprays shall not be used in the FCCH while children are present.
  • Plants: Plants accessible to children (indoors and outdoors) shall be non‐toxic.

Protection of Children from Asbestos: Prior to any renovation or remodeling of the FCCH or if demolition, repair, maintenance, or other conditions in the FCCH are observed that indicate building material that may contain asbestos has been disturbed or exposed, the FCCP shall ensure that an assessment is performed by a person certified by the Vermont Department of Health in compliance with statutory and regulatory requirements of 18 V.S.A. Chapter 26 and 53 the Vermont Department of Health’s Regulations for Asbestos Control. The FCCP shall ensure that any and all abatement recommendations made as a result of that assessment are followed. A copy of the assessment, which includes the recommendations and statement of compliance achieved, shall be submitted to the Division. Regulatory action may be taken on the basis of children potentially exposed to asbestos as a health hazard.

Use of Tobacco, Alcohol and Illegal Drugs

  • The FCCP shall ensure that the use of tobacco and tobacco substitutes (including e‐cigarettes), alcohol and illegal drugs is prohibited at the FCCH (both indoor and outdoor environments used by children) when children are present and also in any vehicle used to transport children for program purposes.
  • If smoking occurs in the FCCH when children are not present, the FCCP shall inform parents that their child will be exposed to an environment in which tobacco products or tobacco substitutes, or both, are used prior to the parent enrolling the child in the FCCH.
  • No person working or volunteering in the FCCH shall use or be under the influence of alcohol or drugs while children are present at the FCCH. Medication prescribed by a physician or over the counter medication that does not impair the ability of the FCCP and staff to adequately supervise and care for the children may be taken.

Firearms and Other Weapons: the FCCP shall ensure all firearms and other weapons, including but not limited to hunting knives, archery equipment and weapon accessories such as ammunition, are locked at the FCCH. Ammunition shall be locked and stored in a location separate from weapons.

Telephones

  • the FCCP shall ensure that the FCCH has an operating telephone that is present and in service at all times children are present. The telephone number shall be provided to the Division and the parents of children that are enrolled. If an answering machine is used, the FCCP shall check it every 15 minutes to ensure parents are able to communicate with the FCCP during the day.
  • A list of the following phone numbers is posted or located near the phone along with 911 and the directions to the FCCH:
    • Police;
    • Fire;
    • Ambulance/Rescue Squad;
    • Poison Center (1‐800‐222‐1222);
    • Child Development Division;
    • Child Abuse Hotline 800 number
    • Child-specific information: parental contacts, emergency contact, and doctor contact information.

Pets

  • Ensure that animals present at the FCCH do not present a danger or health hazard to the children and staff.
  • Any animals or pets present at or brought into the FCCH must be vaccinated as prescribed by law, with documentation maintained at the FCCH.
  • Animals present at the FCCH shall be maintained and cared for in a safe and sanitary manner that does not pose a health hazard for children or staff.
  • Animals shall not be allowed on surfaces where food or drink is prepared or served. Animals who roam freely shall not be allowed near children who are eating

Disruptive or Dangerous Behavior: the FCCP shall prohibit any person, including but not limited to household members, parents, staff, partner staff or volunteers, from the FCCH and property when his/her presence or behavior disrupts the program, distracts the staff from their responsibilities, intimidates or promotes fear among the children and/or staff, or when there is reason to believe that his/her actions or behavior presents a risk of harm to children present.

OUTDOOR PLAY AREA

General Outdoor Play Area Provisions

  • Adequate outdoor play area: There shall be a safe outdoor play area large enough to provide opportunities for vigorous play and large muscle activity on the premises or within a safe walking distance of the FCCH approved by the Division.
  • Shade: the outdoor play area shall include a provision for shade.
  • Fence: the outdoor play area shall be fenced or otherwise protected from traffic and other hazards. Fencing or natural barriers, such as hedges or other clear land boundaries, shall prevent children from exiting and allow for safe supervision of outdoor play.
  • If fencing is used, it shall be sturdy, safe and reinforced to give support, constructed to discourage climbing, and shall not prevent visual supervision of children by the FCCP and/or staff.
  • Fencing installed after the effective date of these regulations shall:
    • Be a minimum of 4 feet in height with openings no larger than 3.5 inches;
    • Equipped with gates with self‐closing and self‐latching mechanisms; and
    • Include at least two exits with one that does not lead into the FCCH.
  • Inspection: the outdoor play area shall be free of dumpsters, uncovered trash cans, highly flammable materials, standing pools of water and other hazards. The FCCP shall inspect the outdoor play area before children begin to play to make sure there are no hazards present such as, but not limited to, animal feces, litter, adult tools, or other items that might injure a child.
  • Additional requirement for Licensed FCCH: A licensed FCCP shall maintain or have access to a safe outdoor play area with at least 75 square feet per child to provide opportunities for vigorous play and large muscle activity on the premises or within a safe walking distance of the licensed FCCH approved by the Division.

Play Equipment and Riding Toys

  • All outdoor play equipment is sturdy, safe, clean and free from rough edges, sharp corners, pinch and crush points, splinters and exposed bolts. To prevent entrapment, no openings in equipment shall be between 3.5 and 9 inches. Chains on swings shall have protective coverings and swing seats shall be made of soft materials with no sharp edges.
  • Equipment shall be arranged so that children playing on one piece of equipment will not interfere with children playing on another piece of equipment, excluding a multifunction, prefabricated residential play structure.
  • The FCCP shall ensure that large outdoor play equipment is anchored firmly in accordance with manufacturers’ specifications, is not located on concrete or asphalt surfaces and is placed so as to accommodate manufacturers’ specifications for use zones.
  • Sandboxes shall be maintained in a safe and sanitary manner.
  • Bicycles, tricycles, scooters, and other riding toys shall be the correct size for the child using the riding toy and the riding toys shall be maintained in good condition. Tricycles shall not have spokes, and tricycles and bicycles with chains shall have chain guards. The FCCP shall ensure that all children wear properly fitting safety helmets while riding outside on bicycles and using scooters.

Safe use zones: For all play equipment that is 30 inches or higher from the ground, including climbing equipment, slides, swings and other similar equipment, the FCCP shall ensure that the surface under and around the equipment, included recommended use zones, is of approved resilient material that protects children if they fall.

  • Materials in the use zone shall consist of wood chips, pea stone, mulch, engineered wood fibers, sand, safety‐tested shredded or rubber-like material or rubber mats designed for protective cushioning;
  • Materials used in the use zone shall follow the recommendations listed in the most recent publication of U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission’s Public Playground Safety Handbook regarding critical depth of tested materials determined by the height of the highest climbing surface of the equipment;
  • Materials used in the use zone shall be installed and maintained according to the manufacturer’s instructions;
  • If the loose material such as sand, mulch, or shredded rubber is used in use zones, the FCCP shall ensure that the material is raked regularly and replenished to maintain depth and resilience; and
  • If the resilient material in use zones freezes, the FCCP shall ensure that the children will not play on the equipment until the resilient material has thawed and is once again resilient.

INDOOR AREA

Access to Useable Space by Children

  • the FCCP shall ensure that interior space designated for use by children is available to children when the FCCH is in operation, is sufficient, and arranged to allow each child adequate space for free movement and active play.
  • Additional requirement for Licensed FCCH: In a licensed FCCH, a minimum of thirty‐five (35) square feet of safe useable space per child is available. Each child shall have adequate space for free movement and active play. Measurements shall be from wall to wall on the inside of the home. Furniture that restricts children’s free movement and active play shall be considered a deductible factor when determining square footage. Bathroom, storage spaces, hallways, furnace rooms and other areas not used by children for sleep or play on a routine basis shall not be counted in computing required square footage of usable space.

 Exits: Stairways, hallways, windows, and doors from the rooms used by children shall be clear and unobstructed from stored items, non‐movable barriers, toys, and other items at all times.

Steps and Stairs
The FCCP shall ensure that stairways over three steps, inside and outside, have railings and are well lit, and safe and sturdy gates are used on stairways, accessible to children, at all times when children younger than 36 months of age are present.

Bathrooms

  • The FCCP shall ensure that the FCCH has at least one bathroom equipped with one properly functioning toilet and hand sink.
    The FCCP shall ensure the bathroom is equipped with properly functioning hand sink(s). Sinks used for hand washing shall have hot and cold running water that comes from a single spigot. The hot water shall not exceed 120°F.
  • Bathrooms used by children shall have toilet paper shall be readily available and dispensed properly. Toilets shall be flushed after every use.

Cleanliness, Maintenance, and Safety

  • Cleanliness: The FCCP shall ensure that the FCCH, its furnishings, and toys are kept in a clean and orderly condition.
  • Maintained interior and exterior: All interior and exterior walls, roofs, chimneys, floors, doors, ceilings, windows, skylights, stairways, ramps, and porches shall be maintained in good repair.
  • Rodent and insect infestation: The FCCP shall ensure that the FCCH is kept free from rodent and insect infestation.
  • Floors: In areas where care and education are provided floors shall be kept clean. Uncarpeted floors shall be swept daily, and Carpeted floors shall be vacuumed weekly.
  • Hard surfaces: accessible to children shall be smooth, non‐porous, and easy to clean. See the rules in section 5.2.6 of these regulations for a schedule for cleaning, disinfecting and sanitizing specific surfaces and items.
  • Environmental hazards: Exterior stairs, walks, ramps and porches shall be cleared of ice and snow or other environmental hazards that may block exits.
  • Hazard free equipment: The FCCP shall ensure that toys and other equipment used by children are sturdy and free from hazards such as but not limited to rough edges, pinch and crush points, splinters, exposed bolts, small loose pieces, areas that cause entrapment, and free from recall from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
  • Mobile baby walkers: shall not be used unless deemed medically necessary by a qualified health practitioner.
  • Trampolines: may be used if they measure 36 inches or smaller in size.
  • Nontoxic art and play materials: The FCCP shall ensure that all art and play materials are nontoxic.

KITCHEN

General Kitchen Provisions

  • Onsite meal preparation: The licensed FCCP shall ensure that all on‐site meal preparation shall have approval by the Division. The on‐site preparation of snacks only does not require approval by the Division.
  • Food preparation surfaces: The food preparation surfaces shall not be used for other activities when food or drink is being prepared or served.
  • Cleanliness: The kitchen and all food preparation, storage and serving areas, and utensils shall be kept clean, sanitary, and free of insects, rodents, dust and other contaminants.
  • Sink: The kitchen shall have at least one sink with a single spigot with hot and cold running water.

Equipment, Dishwashing, and Surfaces

  • The FCCP shall ensure all dishes, cups, and glasses used by the children are free from chips, cracks or other defects.
  • The kitchen shall contain the necessary operable equipment to prepare, store, serve and clean‐up all meals and snacks for children and adults. All kitchen machinery and equipment shall be constructed and arranged to be easily cleanable and shall be in good repair.
  • If the FCCP uses a dishwasher, the dishwasher shall be installed and operated according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
  • When a dishwasher is not available, and single‐service items are not used for food service, the FCCP shall ensure there shall be 3 compartments with a drain board set‐up for cleaning dishes. A 4 step process shall include dishwashing, rinsing, sanitizing, and air drying all dishes and utensils. Dishes shall be washed with soap in hot clean water. Dishes shall be rinsed in hot clean water. Dishes shall then be immersed for at least 10 seconds in a sanitizing rinse. The sanitizing rinse shall be EPA registered or a diluted bleach and water mixture. If using bleach, the FCCP shall follow the manufacturer’s instructions when mixing for this purpose. Dishes shall be air dried.
  • All surfaces used for food preparation shall be easily cleanable and non‐porous.
  • All single service items including cups, plates, spoons, forks, and other single service containers and utensils shall only be used once.

Storage

  • Refrigerator: The FCCP shall have a refrigerator to keep perishable foods at 40°F or colder and a freezer to maintain frozen food at 0°F or colder. Food stored in the refrigerator, including lunch boxes, shall be stored in a manner that allows the free circulation of cool air. All refrigerated foods shall be covered.
  • Dated containers: All food shall be stored in containers that are dated. Food items used by or intended for specific children shall be plainly labeled.
  • Food Storage: All utensils, equipment and food shall be stored in a clean, dry place free from insects, rodents, dust and other contamination and shall be handled in such a manner as to prevent contamination.
    • If stored openly, all containers and utensils shall be stored 18 inches off of the floor; Dishes shall be stored in a closed space;
    • Utensils shall be covered or inverted when not in use; and
    • Single service items shall be purchased and stored in sanitary cartons.
  • Food items shall be stored separately from cleaning materials.

Food Safety

  • The FCCP shall ensure that individuals with open sores that cannot be covered do not handle or prepare food.
  • Cooking temperature: Foods shall be cooked to proper temperatures and shall be served promptly after preparation. All reheated food shall be cooked to at least 165°F. Hot foods shall be maintained at temperatures not less than 135°F and cold foods shall be maintained at temperatures not more than 41°F.
  • Perishable food: All readily perishable food shall not be kept at room temperature for more than one hour while being prepared or served. Readily perishable food shall be stored in the refrigerator in a covered shallow pan.
  • Frozen foods: shall be thawed in the refrigerator, under cold running water, or defrosted in the microwave oven.
  • Unsafe food: All unsafe, contaminated food shall be disposed of promptly. Swelled, rusty, dented or punctured canned food or drink shall not be consumed.
  • Fresh fruits and vegetables: shall be thoroughly washed before being served.
  • Previously served food: Food that has been served to a child or adult shall be disposed of if not eaten. Once food has been served, it shall not be re‐used, served to a different child or stored, except as compost.

For Swimming and Access to Water and Pools and Transportation requirements, please see the Vermont Child Care Licensing Regulations for registered and lincensed family child care homes.

FIRST AID KIT

The FCCP shall have a first aid kit that is readily accessible to adults in the FCCH, but not to children. The first aid kit shall contain the first aid manual, adhesive tape, bandages, sterile gauze pads, rolls of gauze, eye dressing, disposable nonporous gloves, scissors, tweezers, non‐glass non‐mercury thermometer, and an instant cold pack. The first aid kit shall be replenished as supplies are used or as expiration dates indicate. The FCCP shall ensure that a first aid kit is taken along on field trips lasting two hours or more. In addition to the items listed above, the kit shall include water and liquid soap or antiseptic wipes, any emergency medications needed for a child with allergies or special health needs, list of emergency phone numbers, and a copy of parental authorizations for the emergency car.

EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

Emergency Planning

  • Written Emergency Response Plan: The FCCP shall develop and maintain a written Emergency Response Plan to respond to a full range of emergencies both natural and man‐made. A complete plan shall include how the FCCP will address and manage the following situations and responsibilities:
    • Evacuations or other emergencies such as leaving the premises and lockdown situations;
    • Specific concerns related to the location of the program, such as proximity to a nuclear reactor, an area prone to flooding or power loss;
    • Notifying the local authorities of the emergency;
    • A system for notifying the parents of the emergency;
    • Notifying the local emergency planning committee regarding the location of the FCCH and using the committee as a resource in emergency planning for the program;
    • A system of identifying the children and staff present at the time of the emergency and maintaining knowledge of their whereabouts;
    • A system for handling infants, toddlers, and children with special needs;
    • An established evacuation meeting location within walking distance of the FCCH; A system to account for all children and staff at evacuation meeting place;
    • A process for relocation if necessary including safe transportation;
    • A system for sheltering in place if the FCCP and children present need to remain in the FCCH for an extended period; and
    • Staff chain of command and individual staff roles and responsibilities, (if applicable) during emergencies.
  • Staff training: The FCCP shall ensure that all staff are trained on the Emergency Response Plan and are aware of where to find the written plan in the FCCH.
  • Annual Review Emergency Response Plan: of The FCCP shall ensure that the Emergency Response Plan is reviewed and updated at least once every 365 days.
  • Parents: The FCCP shall ensure that parents are aware of the Emergency Response Plan, particularly where children would be taken if evacuated from the FCCH.

Building Evacuation

  • Evacuation Diagram: The FCCP shall have a written evacuation diagram with evacuation routes posted on each level of the home that is used by the children.
  • Monthly evacuation drills: The FCCP shall ensure that evacuation drills are conducted at least once a month, and children and staff are evacuated in less than 3 minutes.
  • Drill when children are sleeping: At least one drill every 365 days shall be conducted while children are sleeping or resting.

Emergency Preparedness Training: Within 365 days of opening an FCCH, the FCCP shall attend emergency preparedness training which shall include content specifically related to sheltering in place in the event of an emergency in which the FCCP and children present need to remain in the FCCH for an extended period.

Additional Requirements for Licensed Family Child Care Homes

  • Zoning and Approvals for licensed FCCH
    • A prospective licensed FCCP shall meet all applicable requirements of the applicable municipal zoning bylaws;
    • Zoning approval for a licensed FCCH shall be properly recorded in the municipal office in which the licensed FCCH is located and a copy provided to the Division in the initial application;
    • The prospective licensed FCCP shall ensure that the licensed FCCH is constructed, furnished, maintained and equipped in compliance with all applicable requirements established by Federal, State, local and municipal regulatory bodies.

Is there a checklist available to determine if a house passes licensing inspection?

Forms and checklists for child care providers: At this link, you can access various forms and checklists required for use with the Child Development Division.

Source: Vermont Child Care Licensing Regulations for registered and licensed family child care homes

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