This post is a part of our series on Vermont family child care licensing. For more on licensing in Vermont, see the following posts:
Child care licensing regulations in Vermont require training for providers and staff. To become a registered or licensed family child care provider in Vermont, you must meet certain training requirements to comply with the Vermont Child Care Regulations. The chart below provides an overview of Vermont Family Child Care Home Training requirements:
Family Child Care Home Training Requirements
|Orientation training||FCCP and staff||Prior to beginning care for children||7.1.3|
|Mandated reporter training||FCCP and trainee||Prior to beginning care for children||7.1.3|
|Medication administration||FCCP and staff (if administering medication)||Prior to administering medication||5.6.2|
|Maintain up-to-date BFIS Quality and Credential account||FCCP and staff||Always||22.214.171.124|
|First aid and infant/child CPR||FCCP and Licensed staff||FCCP prior to being licensed and prior to expiration date of the card.
Staff within 6 months of employment start date and prior to expiration date of the card.
|Licensed FCCH rule 126.96.36.199
|Emergency preparedness training||FCCP||Within the first year of operation||3.6.3|
(if required and necessary)
|Family child care assistant, trainees, classroom aides and Registered FCCP||Within the first year of operation/employment||Registered FCCH rule 7.3.1
7.3.3, 7.3.4, and 7.3.5
|Individual Professional Development Plan (IPDP)||FCCP and staff||Within 6 months from initial licensure and annually||7.4.1|
|Annual professional development||FCCP and staff||Annually||7.4.4|
|Lifeguard certification||FCCP and staff (when applicable)||Prior to certification expiration dates||188.8.131.52.4|
|Written annual performance review||Licensed FCCP||Annually||Licensed FCCH rule 7.5.3|
Orientation Training of FCCP and New Staff
The FCCP shall complete an orientation training session approved by the Division prior to beginning care for children. The FCCP shall ensure staff complete an orientation training session approved by the Division prior to being left alone with children. Trainees shall complete the orientation training within one month of their first date of working with children. The orientation training session shall include:
- Basic knowledge of child growth and development;
- Routine and emergency health protection of children including health-related exclusions; Safety and sanitation requirements including handling and storage of hazardous materials and disposal of bio-contaminants;
- Positive behavior management;
- Supervision of children;
- Child accident and injury procedures including building and physical premises safety; Safe sleep practices;
- Administration of medication requirements;
- Emergency and evacuation requirements;
- Nutrition and food safety including prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions;
- Transportation and child passenger safety;
- Release of children;
- Respectful engagement of families;
- Preventing, recognizing, and reporting child abuse and neglect, including information about the signs and symptoms of sexual abuse, sexual violence, grooming processes, recognizing the dangers of child sexual abuse, and other predatory behaviors of sex offenders;
- Recognition of and response to the symptoms of common childhood illnesses;
- Preventing the spread of infectious disease;
- Providing developmentally appropriate activities and experiences for children;
- Inclusion of children with special needs;
- Guidelines for volunteers, trainees, and partner staff;
- Responsibility to comply with current applicable licensing regulations;
- Background check requirements to include changes in situations, restrictions, and exceptions for those prohibited by these regulations;
- Staffing requirements to include opening and closing; and
- Ensuring children have extra clothes and diapers available.
The FCCP shall read and have ready access to the current applicable licensing regulations. Also, the FCCP shall ensure staff has read, have ready access to, and have had an opportunity to seek clarity as needed about the current applicable licensing regulations.
Family Child Care Programs
Family Child Care Providers are required to take the Here We Go: New FCCH Licensing Rules training. This training is available in person and online. Please search the BFIS Course Calendar for in-person training opportunities. The in-person training is 2.5 hours of training and is interactive with no tests. The online training is an independent online training that is 1.5 training hours. To receive credit for the online training you must receive at least 80% on the final test the first time you take it. It is important to watch the video and do the practice before taking the final test, and additional attempts on the training will not count for training hours. To take the online Family Child Care Home training please register here: https://attendee.gototraining.com/27d64/catalog/6891860213149707264
Child Abuse and Neglect Mandatory Reporting Training
This page on the Vermont Department of Children and Families has helpful guidance on reporting child abuse and neglect. Online training on reporting child abuse and neglect is available. This training may be applied towards annual professional development requirements when it is successfully completed for the first time: http://dcf.vermont.gov/protection/reporting/mandated
First Aid and CPR
First Aid and CPR training must meet these criteria and be verified in the individual’s BFIS Quality & Credential Account to meet the requirements of the regulation. The training must be taught by an American Heart Association, Red Cross, or American Health and Safety Institute trainer. If you complete an online first aid and/or infant/child CPR training, it must include an in-person skills component taught by someone with one of the above affiliations and result in certification. You must receive documentation of certification that includes the date of the training, the type of training (first aid or infant/child CPR) and the expiration date for the certification. CPR and First Aid training is offered through the American Heart Association, American Red Cross, or American Health and Safety Institute, their websites may list local and/or online training availability. Some First Aid and CPR training opportunities may be listed in the BFIS Course Calendar.
The FCCP shall have successfully completed pediatric first aid and CPR prior to being licensed and must remain currently certified. The FCCP shall ensure that at least one responsible adult who has successfully completed and is currently certified in pediatric first aid and infant and child CPR is on the premises at all times children are present.
The licensed FCCP (only) shall ensure that staff who are counted in the staff/child ratios shall obtain training in pediatric first aid and infant and child CPR within 6 months of beginning work in the licensed FCCH and remain currently certified.
Medication Administration Training
The medication administration training must meet this criterion to count towards the regulations requirement, and it must be entered and verified in your BFIS Quality & Credential Account. If you question whether a training meets the criteria, please consult with NLCDC staff. The criteria consist of the following:
- Taught by an RN or MD;
- Content includes:
- 5 rights of medication administration (right child, right medication, right dose, right time and right route),
- Procedures (receiving medication from the parent, storage of medication, prepare and administer medication, and documenting medication administered),
- Side effects, errors, and adverse effects, and
- Asthma and Anaphylaxis medication practice skills component, and
- Be a minimum of 2 hours and sponsored by an NLCDC approved sponsor.
If the medication administration training is online, it must include an in-person skills component for administering asthma and anaphylaxis medication and meet the above training criteria along with NLCDC online training criteria.
- Medication Administration Training which meets the VT Child Care Licensing requirements can be located by searching the BFIS course calendar. If you are having difficulty finding a training in your region please contact the VB5 Professional Development hotline at 802-540-8168 or firstname.lastname@example.org
- Medication Instructors can be found by searching the BFIS instructor registry
Emergency Response Training
While the licensee of a Center Based Program and a Family Child Care Provider are required to attend an emergency preparedness training, CDD does not require any particular training to meet this requirement. The only requirement is that the training includes sheltering in place education. Anyone skilled in emergency response planning may offer a training. This training will assist the licensee or Family Child Care Provider in revising the Emergency Response Plan. To find training search the BFIS Course Calendar. Additional training may be available from national organizations such as Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)‘s Multihazard Planning for Childcare course.
Within 365 days of opening an FCCH, the FCCP shall attend emergency preparedness training which shall include content specifically related to sheltering in place in the event of an emergency in which the FCCP and children present need to remain in the FCCH for an extended period.
Annual Professional Development
- The FCCP shall ensure that within 6 months of starting work in the FCCH, the FCCP and/or staff have an Individual Professional Development Plan (IPDP). This shall be documented in the individual’s BFIS Quality and Credential Account or in the staff file on site. IPDPs shall be updated at least once every 365 days. Staff who hold a current Vermont Agency of Education teaching license with an endorsement in Early Childhood Education, Early Childhood Special Education, or Elementary Education shall use their current teaching license as documented verification of completing the IPDP requirement. This current teaching license shall be verified and documented in the individual’s BFIS Quality and Credential Account.
- The FCCP and staff shall be actively engaged in professional development activities as specified in their IPDP. All staff, with the exception of substitutes, shall complete 15 clock hours of annual professional development activities as specified in their IPDP.
- Training in CPR and First Aid shall not count towards 15 clock hours of annual professional development requirements.
- All professional development activities shall meet all criteria as defined by NLCDC and shall be verified and documented in the individual’s BFIS Quality and Credential Account. Professional development hours may be applied toward meeting the individual’s IPDP.
- The FCCP and/or staff who hold a current Vermont Agency of Education teaching license with an endorsement in Early Childhood Education, Early Childhood Special Education, or Elementary Education shall use their current teaching license as documented verification of completing professional development requirements. This current teaching license shall be verified and documented in the individual’s BFIS Quality and Credential Account.
How can I access training?
The Child Development Division has a variety of supports for individuals who work in the early childhood and afterschool field. CDC funds several organizations to support you professionally including, Northern Lights Career Development Center which builds the professional development system; Vermont Afterschool that supports professionals in afterschool programs; Vermont Child Care Industry & Career Council that supports the Child Care Apprenticeship Program; and Vermont Association for the Education of Young Children that runs the T.E.A.C.H. Program.
Bright Futures Information System (BFIS)
The division has an early childhood information system called Bright Futures Information System (BFIS). The BFIS Quality & Credential account is a place where the staff of child care programs, registered home child care providers, preschool teachers, afterschool program staff, and other professionals in the early childhood and afterschool field can save their professional development information. Vermont Child Care Regulations require training to be verified and entered in your BFIS Quality & Credential Account. All providers and staff persons working in a regulated child care program must have a quality credential account in BFIS. This fact sheet describes how to get training, education and credentials entered and verified in your BFIS Quality & Credential Account. For more information about how to access BFIS visit the division’s page about BFIS. To have professional development information entered in BFIS you can send it to Northern Lights Career Development Center with this verification cover sheet.
Training course calendar
You can check the Bright Information System course calendar for a list of workshops, classes and presentations about how best to work with young children, school-age children and their families. Classes are around the state and are often low cost or free.
Individual Professional Development Plan (IPDP)
Your IPDP shows that you reflected on your current skills and knowledge. It details your thinking and planning about what challenges and interests you, what you want to learn and do next, and when.
Child Care Apprenticeship
Apprentices document 4,000 hours of supervised on-the-job training; complete a sequence of 6 tuition-free college courses and participate in additional community-based training to gain the knowledge and skills needed to work with children.
Supports organizations in providing quality afterschool, summer, and expanded learning experiences so that Vermont’s children and youth have the opportunities, skills, and resources they need.
Grants available to Vermont early childhood and afterschool professionals who are taking specific training activities.
Step Ahead Recognition System (STAR)
STARS is Vermont’s quality recognition system for childcare, preschool, and afterschool programs. Programs that participate in STARS are stepping ahead – going above and beyond state regulations to provide professional services that meet the needs of children and families. You can look to STARS as an opportunity to look at your program objectively and use child care quality indicators to identify strengths and areas for improvement. The primary incentive for participating in STARS is local and statewide recognition of your program’s achievements. Other incentives include community awards and financial rewards (e.g., higher reimbursement on the child care financial assistance fee scale).
Sources: Vermont Agency of Human Services Department for Children and Families, Child Care Training Requirements, Child Care Licensing Regulations: Registered and Licensed Family Child Care Homes, FCCH Chart of Deadline Dates