This post is a part of our series on Vermont family child care licensing. For more on licensing in Vermont, see the following posts:

Vermont Family Child Care Licensing: An Overview
The Licensing Process
Eligibility
Training Requirements
Home Requirements

As you start your in-home child care program in Vermont, you will have the option to choose between two types of programs: Registered Family Child Care Home and Licensed Family Child Care Home.

The capacity of your program is determined by the

  • Type of license you get
  • Ages of the children living in or present at the family child care home (FCCH)
  • Presence of one or more Family Child Care Assistants; and
  • The amount of usable space for child care in the FCCH

Registered Family Child Care Home

In a Registered Family Child Care Home, care is provided to children in the provider’s home for less than 24 hours per day to no more than six children under the age of six plus four school-aged children (only two of the children under 6 can be under the age of two).

Maximum Capacity and Staffing in a Registered Family Child Care Home

The registered family child care provider (FCCP) must ensure that the registered FCCH does not exceed the following limits:

  • Maximum capacity includes all children present and unaccompanied by a parent at the registered FCCH. The total number of children in care may not exceed
    • 10 children during Option 1: Year-round Care or
    • 12 children during Option 2: Summer Vacation.
  • The registered FCCP’s own children under 24 months residing in the home are counted in considering the limit on children less than 24 months but are not counted in the overall limit on children when using Option 1: Year-round Care chart below.
  • The registered FCCP shall be present and counted in ratio at least 60% of the hours of operation.
  • The registered FCCP shall ensure that the number of staff present meets requirements described in the chart below for ages of children, maximum group size, and staff/child ratios at any time of day.
  • In Option 1: Year-round Care, described in the chart below, during summer school vacation a registered FCCP may care for up to 10 children total without a second adult, provided that all school-aged children have been in care prior to May 1st during the preceding school year or are siblings of younger children enrolled in the registered FCCH.

Option 1: Year-round Care

Option 2: Summer Vacation

  • In Option 2: Summer Vacation, described in the chart below, the registered FCCP can use this chart when providing care to their original 6 children and up to an additional 6 school age children and/or when providing care to any school-age children over the original 6 children that began care after May 1st of the current year.
  • When using Option 2: Summer Vacation, the registered FCCP’s children younger than school age residing in the home are included in determining the total number of children allowed in care, and the registered FCCP’s own school-age children shall not be counted.

 Licensed Family Child Care Home

In a Licensed Family Child Care Home, care is provided to children in the provider’s home for less than 24 hours per day and to more children than a Registered Family Child Care Home. The number of children served by the licensed FCCH at any one time shall not exceed the maximum capacity allowed written on the license certificate. The number of children you can care for is based on

  • Indoor and outdoor square footage
  • Completed building fire safety inspections
  • Any local zoning ordinances
  • The number of qualified staff present within a program, and
  • Ages of the children

Maximum Capacity and Staffing in a Licensed Family Child Care Homes

The licensed FCCP shall ensure that the Licensed FCCH shall meet the limits described below including the chart:

  • All children present and unaccompanied by a parent at the licensed FCCH, including the licensed FCCP’s own children residing in the home and children of a Family Child Care Assistant younger than school age, are included in determining the capacity of the program at any one time.
  • The number of children served by the licensed FCCH at any one time must not exceed the maximum capacity allowed written on the license certificate.
  • The licensed FCCP must be present and counted in ratio at least 60% of the hours of operation. The licensed FCCP is responsible for the program, and actively engaged in providing child care and education services when counted in child/staff ratios.

The licensed FCCP must ensure that the number of staff present meets requirements described in the chart below for ages of children, maximum group size, and staff/child ratios at any time of day.

  • The FCCP must ensure safe care and education of children occurs when one or more trainee is working the FCCH with children.
  • Classroom aides are not counted in staff/child ratios when they are performing the job responsibilities of a classroom aide. A classroom aide may be left alone with the child or children to whom he/she is assigned.
  • Partner staff must not be left alone with children and are not counted in staff/child ratios at the FCCH.
  • The FCCP, Family Child Care Assistant, or substitute must be present in the FCCH and actively work with children when a trainee is present. The trainee is not counted in staff/child ratios.
  • The FCCP must ensure trainees 17 years of age are never left alone with children in the FCCH. Trainees 18 years of age may be left alone with children in the FCCH provided that the FCCP, Family Child Care Assistant or substitute is present in the FCCH.

Sources: Vermont Agency of Human Services Department for Children and Families, Becoming a Provider, Child Care Licensing Regulations: Registered and Licensed Family Child Care Homes

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